Session parallel 1: Entrepreneurship and context sociocultural : Day 2 Study of cases
Moderator : Professor Koffi AHANOGBE , University Pretoria
I. Communication 1: IMPACT CULTURAL AFRICAN ON PROCESS ENTREPRENEURIAL: PROPOSAL OF A FRAMEWORK ANALYSIS
This communication has been presented by Sonzai Theodore , PhD in Science Management University FHB Cocody / ABIDJAN, Faculty of Science Economics and Management . His working thesis is to design a framework of analysis that explains the influence of factors cultural African on the dynamic evolution of the process entrepreneurial. The question relevant to this work is : How the factors cultural influence one such system ? To achieve the objective , the system used is that of the Configuration Strategic Instant Perceived ( CSIP ) of the contractor ( Bruyat 1993). He says the state of consistency of the three variable component the system , the aspirations of the contractor , its perception of its expertise and its resources and its perception of opportunities or the opportunities that it offers the environment , determine the dynamism of evolution of the process entrepreneurial. Also the factors cultural influence of coherence in through two theories : the theory of contingency and the approach culturalist .
Thus the factors Cultural identified possible to make proposals of their influences on the CSIP of the entrepreneur in each of the three stages of the process entrepreneurial which are : the trigger , the commitment and the result or the survival of the company .
II. Communication 2: ENTREPRENEURSHIP , GENDER AND PERFORMANCE OF COMPANIES IN COTE D’IVOIRE : an analysis empirical by levels of formality .
This presentation is made by TRAORE Nohoua , PhD student and member of the Unit of Analysis of Political Economics of CIRES ( CAPEC ) Abidjan / Cote d’Ivoire . There we made a presentation bright by based on an analysis empirical by levels of formality of companies Ivorian . According to a study earlier made , one can not demonstrate the importance of sector informal in the economies in Africa . According to the (ILO) this sector provides 82% of jobs not agricultural in Asia of the South , 66% in Africa Sub-Saharan , 65% in Asia to the East and Southeast to the exclusion of China, 51% in America Latin and 10% in Europe east and Asia Central . Compared to employment informal in Africa Sub-Saharan , entrepreneurship informal is higher in Côte d’Ivoire with 84.9% of jobs informal in 2012 ( AGEPE , 2012). A study done later in the works literary or work earlier shows that the informal is a brake on development in preventing the revenues and the economy to grow . It is associated with of low levels of productivity and performance but an opposite view of this vision has been taken by other researchers estimating that the cost of the legality compromises the performance prospects of activity informal . The modernization of the informal sector is regarded by the latter as an argument arbitrary used by states Africans to impose standards Western in the universe informal to end to take advantage.
III. Communication 3: Entrepreneurship and developing local sustainable in Africa of the North : look sociological of the city of Sfax – Tunisia
Question on entrepreneurship refers to a reflection deeper in order for them to find a response . Communication Ms Wahiba , is focused on the sociology of the process of entrepreneurship as a vector of this we call » development sustainable ». For the author , the concept of developing sustainable has been initiated by the institutions state in view of enhancing the resources human and present a different conception of development . The notion of space remains therefore an element essential in a reflection entrepreneurship and development sustainable. His study has helped to treat the issue of the ability of the jewelers to give the new manufacturing jewelry in maintaining the characteristic local of the product to be of jewelers entrepreneurs and actors conservative and innovative in terms of manufacturing and participants in the process of developing sustainable local. A through a method qualitative with a guide and a non observation participant , it concludes that the jewelers of the city of Sfax , of which he was subject in his work, these entrepreneurs more agents economic are also the actors of development . In addition to an element productive , the jewelers are the creators , putting in work their expertise while taking into account the constraints local and global , to learn to protect the environment . This communication has been presented by Saadellaoui Wahiba of Tunisia . His theme was Entrepreneurship and developing local sustainable in Africa of the North : look sociological of the city of Sfax – Tunisia .
While acknowledging the relevance and quality of communications, participants were asked questions that revolve around the points following :
– The model Cultural used by African -it can be beneficial to Africa ?
– The creation of enterprises informal does he is not a brake for the promotion of business in Africa ?
– Is that entrepreneurship at the level of the sector informal can it contribute to the reduction of unemployment
– Is that the market international could he allow the companies to formalize
– There exist a growing African common to all ?
After having enjoyed all questions, the panelists have turn to turn given the elements of answers relevant to all participants.
The work of the panel 2 were taken late at 12h 20 min .
– ALI Ouchar Cherif
– KOUAME Dido Edwige
– SIGUE Sayouba
– TRAORE Zakaria
2 nd SESSION PARALLEL ( 11:20 A 12:20 ): ICT AND DEVELOPMENT SUSTAINABLE
Moderator :Dr. Aimé METCHEBON
Communication # 1 : « The factors explanatory of the use of ICT: an analysis empirically on a sample business modern in Côte d’Ivoire . »
This communication, presented by Mr. Boniface KOUADIO Kouassi, a PhD student at the University Félix Houphouët Boigny, has been carried out in the framework of a thesis doctoral whose main objective analysis of factors explanatory of the use of ICT in of businesses modern in Côte d’Ivoire .
The results of this study , it has emerged that the age of the company as well as the sector of activity have significant links with the use of ICT and that the sector services is most ICT users than that of trade.
As recommendations, the panelists recommended the recruitment of qualified managers, adoption and intensive use of ICT as well as sanitation by the state of the regulatory framework for ICT.
Communication # 2 : « Adaptation to the Climate Change: The Contribution of ICT ».
The second presentation was made by Mr Karim and Claude OUEDRAOGO NDE SOFNET and focused on climate change and the contribution of ICTs.
For presenters, climate change are an integral part of the perils against which companies need to face in order to maintain their productivity and hence their competitiveness in an open world. They advocate the use of new ICT trends that are cloud and mobility, which are able to provide meaningful answers to the problems of global warming and productivity.
Communication No. 3 : « The Contribution of Electronic Document Management (EDM) to the new performance of the film library of Burkina Faso. »
This paper, by Mr. Lassané TAPSOBA, PhD student at U-Auben, focused on « the contribution of the GED to the new performance of the film library of Burkina Faso. » He pointed out to the audiovisual world heritage to be in danger due to lack of means of preservation and management. Hence the need for the implementation of measures to safeguard our collective memory.
This study aims to question the new performances considered in case of adoption of the electronic management system using a software called LOVE.
As a recommendation, the panelist advocates GED offers according to him certain advantages integrated management of audiovisual collections of the film library.
Issues and answers:
The concerns of participants at the session concerned the cloud and performance of ICT by reducing its impact on climate change.
In response, Mr. OUEDRAOGO said that the cloud solution that allows to outsource the management of an organization’s data from a specialized company will only shift the problems inherent in greenhouse from one location to another . Global warming is a holistic problem in the world, it goes without saying that the strategy of cloud is ineffective in the fight against climate change.
On the reduction of the impact of ICTs on climate change and the risk of compromising its performance, Mr. Ed responded that there was no concern at this level, the use of natural resources is not to able to play on the performance of ICT.
In terms of Mr. Tapsoba thesis project, the Codja professor recommended him reformulating its theme.
DAY 2: 4 th PARALLEL SESSION (A 14H 17H): RENEWABLE ENERGY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
Communication # 1 : « the development of new energy sources in sub-Saharan Africa: What benefits for the well-being of individuals? « .
This paper was presented by Mrs. SOME of the Quebec University in OTAWA / Canada and involves measuring the impact of the production of agro energies on the welfare of individuals in sub-Saharan Africa.
At the start of the communication, she first presented the different energy sources before showing the importance to strive for renewable energy are a solution for green growth. She then presented the methodology of his research to assess the potential impact of the sector on the welfare of individuals. This approach is based on sustainable development principles and uses the capabilities approach combined with tools for assessing environmental, social and positive and negative socio-economic.
Communication # 2 : « MCDA as a tool for inclusion of sustainable development in the exploitation of the hydroelectric potential of the coastal basins in the tropics: the case of Konkouré in Guinea. »
The second paper was presented by Dr. Karim SAMOURA, PhD environment. The objective of this study is to provide a strategic environmental assessment based on a multi-criteria approach with the decision and proposedesélémentsd’unedémarcheméthodologique favorisantl’implication desparties involved in the energy planning process dansuneperspective sustainable development. The methodology consisted in structuring the problem, performance evaluation and aggregation of performance.
The results of this study allowed to learn about the major issues related to tropical exploitationdesaménagementshydroélectriques danslesbassinscôtiersenmilieu.
As lessons learned must be emphasized that the MCDA has many advantages. It allows to change the SEA to an integrated assessment.
Communication # 3 : « Green Economy: what opportunities for African business. »
The third paper was presented by Dr. ZOUNGRANA U-Auben. In his view, the green economy is a paradigm in terms of achievement of sustainable development goals based on three dimensions (social, environmental and economic). He pointed out to the African economy to be dependent on natural resources, which is not without risk to the sustainability of these resources. The objective of this study is to ensure that the natural potential resources in Africa are creating more wealth for African effectively while remaining environmentally friendly.
As recommendations, it recommends promoting the green economy through the substitution of traditional consumer needs for green products, the shift by companies in their production process using innovation and the establishment by the State a favorable regulations for the implementation of a green economy.
Questions and answers
The essential questions raised by the participants regarding the session mainly concerned the PROMETHEE method, the green economy and the fact that oil resources represent an opportunity for Africa in a green economy context.
In terms of the PROMETHEE method, Dr. SAMOURA said that it is a method of aggregation in replacement of monocritères methods that reduce everything to money, anything that does not capture all facets of ‘a study. The PROMETHEE approach, based on several criteria is the method used when developing strategies in several studies in Burkina Faso.
On the green economy, Dr ZOUNGRANA stressed that the green economy is an economy that this calls for a change vis-à-vis the environment behavior. It’s a low-carbon economy, a resilient economy that provides a better quality of life to people. He also recalled the definition of UNEP, which considers the green economy as being able to increase the well being of Man without compromising the environment.
Regarding the incentives for a green company, Dr. ZOUNGRANA raised the tax could be declining source of product costs as well as the creation of a waste treatment industry, job creation source.
Regarding the oil resources in Africa, they are an opportunity, oil plays a very important role in the development of countries. The problem lies in the use of oil while reducing the emission of gases with greenhouse effects.
– Finley BITIE
– Olivier COMBELEM
– Just Coulibaly
– Ida Rachel Ouoba